1950s Paris in Colour

1950s Paris in Colour


A collection of slides from the Pete Grafton Collection.


A mixture of slides (transparencies) of Paris from the 1950s, bought on ebay in 2008.   The Kodak Kodachrome transparencies were taken by American tourists to Paris between 1950 and 1958.  We know this as some slides are annotated with the date, as above, and the 1958 slides can be dated as that was the year  Kodak started to emboss the cardboard mount of the slide with the date they were processed.

The other slides in this collection were “ready-made”, from the same period, bought probably by mail order in the States, rather than from racks outside tourist spots in Paris.  The ready made slides were marketed by the American company Maston – “Maston’s Travels Around the World” series. They would be marketed in the likes of the American Photography magazine. You could travel the world from the comfort of your armchair using a 35mm slide viewer.

Argus slide viewer. Photo Source Pinterest

Maston’s probably used local freelance photographers to build up their library.

Maston. “Eiffel Tower, from New York Ave”.

Tourist. Eiffel tower, scooter & coach. 1958.

Tourist. East pillar, Eiffel Tower. 1958.

Tourist. Spar, Eiffel Tower. 1950 – 1957.

Tourist. “View from Eiffel”. 1950 – 1957.

Tourist. “Paris from Tower”. 1958.

Tourist. “Paris” (Ice cream vendor). 1958.

Maston. “Place de la Concorde.”

Tourist. “Concorde Square. 1953.”   The car with the red and black body paint is a Paris taxi.  This colouring of Paris taxis was characteristic of the period, and will be seen in further slides.

Tourist.  Champs d’Elysies. 1950 – 1957.

Tourist. Champs d’Elysies. 1958.

Maston. “Champs d’Elysies street scene”.

Tourist. Arc de Triumph. Circa 1953.

Tourist. “Arc de Triumph. July 1950”.

Tourist. “Paris. 1950”

Maston. “Luxembourg Palace and Park.”

Maston. “Church of the Madeleine.”

Maston. “Pantheon.”

Tourist. “Dome de Invalides” 1950 – 1957.

Maston. “Sacre-Coeur.”

Maston. “Montmatre Street.”

Tourist. “Monmartre”. 1958.

Maston. “Notre Dame Gardens”.

Tourist. Fishing by the Seine and Notre Dame. 1958.

Tourist. The Seine and bookstalls. 1958.

Maston. “Bookstalls – River Seine, Notre Dame background”

Tourist. Book stall. 1958.

Tourist.  1950 – 1957.

Tourist. “Flower Market. 1953.”

Mastons. “Rue des Barre’s Pass.”  (Rue des Barres, Paris 4, is between Quai de l’Hotel de Ville and Rue de Rivoli)


Colour Photos of 1950s France

now showing at petegrafton.com


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Christmas Time in Paris, Hamburg, Scotland & England

By Monckebergstr., Hamburg,  December, 2002

Christmas Time in Paris, Hamburg, Scotland & England.

Exchange Place, Glasgow, December, 2003

La Défense, Paris, December, 2010.

La Défense, Paris, December, 2010

Central London, December, 2013

La Défense, Paris  2010

By Monckebergstr., Hamburg, December 2003

La Défense, Paris, December, 2010

Leicester Square, London, December, 2013

St Pauli, Hamburg, December, 2013

St Pauli, Hamburg, December, 2010.

BHV Department Store, Rue de la Verrerie, Paris, December,  2010

Turkey judging, Dartmouth, Devon, December, 2012

Au Bon Marché department store,  December, 2010

Christmas window display, Au Bon Marché, Paris, December, 2010

Deli, High Street, Peebles, Scotland, December, 2002.

Leicester Square, London, December, 2013

Leiccester Square, London, December, 2013

Leicester Square, London, December, 2013

Leicester Square, London, December,  2013

Leicester Square, London, December,  2013

Altona Bus Station, Hamburg, December, 2003

Double decker bus, London, December, 2014

Hamburg Hauptbahnhof,  December, 2004

Yeovil Junction railway station tea room, Somerset, England, December, 2014

Tank engine, Paignton, Devon, England, December 2011


Royal Castle Hotel, Dartmouth, Devon, England, December, 2012

Rue de Sèvres, Paris, December, 2010

 Rue de Sèvres, Paris, December,  2010

Mistletoe, Dartmouth, Devon, England, December, 2012

Ottenser Hauptstrasse., Altona, Hamburg, December, 2002

Grosse Bergstrasse, Altona, Hamburg December, 2011

Ottenser Hauptstrasse, Altona, Hamburg, December, 2011

Mercado, Ottenser Hauptstrasse, Altona, Hamburg December, 2011

Ottenser Hauptstrasse, Altona, Hamburg, December, 2003

Ottenser Hauptstrasse, Altona, Hamburg, December, 2017

Ottenser Hauptstrasse, Altona, Hamburg, December, 2016

Teignmouth, Devon, England, December, 2012

Rathausmarkt, Hamburg, December, 2003

By Monckebergstrasse, Hamburg, December, 2003

Ottenser Hauptstrasse, Altona, Hamburg, December, 2016

Dawlish, Devon, England, December, 2013

Biggar, Scotland, December 2017.

Biggar, Scotland, December, 2017.

30 December, 2017, Biggar, Scotland.

30 December, 2014, Dawlish, Devon, England.


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Buchenwald Concentration Camp, June 2009

Buchenwald Concentration Camp, June 2009.

photos Pete Grafton

Former railway track leading to Buchenwald concentration camp.

The No. 6  bus to Buchenwald. Weimar, June 2009.


Buchenwald Concentration Camp is on a wooded hill near the town of Weimar in eastern Germany. It is a 10 km (6 mile) bus ride from the town.  The camp was built in 1937 and liberated by American troops in April 1945. Between 1937 and 1945 it is estimated that 56,545 inmates died, from being shot, hung, worked to death or from illness.

Former goods sidings at Weimar railway station. Some transits for Buchenwald left from here.

Site of railway track leading into Buchenwald. The railway was built by Buchenwald prisoners.

Buchenwald railway track. Work on memorial stones to those that died.

Memorial stones to four of the estimated 56,000 who died at Buchenwald.

Journey’s end: the Buchenwald terminus of the railway line. In the foreground a few artifacts found during the ‘restoration’ of the line.

The main entrance gate to Buchenwald concentration camp: Jedem Das Seine – To Each His Own.

Medical examination slab, Buchenwald.

Sink, crematorium complex, Buchenwald.

Floor of wash-up surgical area, crematorium complex, Buchenwald.

Visitor in the surgical wash-up area photographing former prisoners of Buchenwald.

Crematorium ovens, Buchenwald.

Crematorium ovens, a bouquet of flowers and a little girl, Buchenwald.

Reproduction from Visitors “Comments” book: “Danke Hitler – Thanks Hitler“, and  below it,  a Deutsche Volksunion sticker.

Gents urinals in the Buchenwald visitor centre.

Empty coat-hangers in the Buchenwald Visitor Centre cafeteria.

Visitor Centre foreground and SS NCO barracks in the background, Buchenwald.

“Effects, clothing and equipment depot building”, Buchenwald.

Levelled area of prisoners buildings, Buchenwald.

Levelled prisoners buildings, looking towards Stores Depot building, Buchenwald.

Levelled ground of prisoners buildings, looking towards main entrance of the camp, Buchenwald.

Boot scrape amongst levelled ground at Buchenwald.

Rear view of the Crematorium, Buchenwald. Note the “No Smoking ” sign and the “No dogs” sign. The  concentration camp guard-dog kennels are still intact.  The kennels are near the SS NCO barracks, shown to the rear of the photo of the Visitor Centre entrance.

Buchenwald concentration camp security van, 2009.

Buchenwald concentration camp Siemens/MAN standby emergency generator to maintain the electricity supply to the electrified fencing, perimeter searchlights and lighting within the camp.

Detail of the Siemens/MAN emergency standby generator – “MAN Dieselmotor”, Buchenwald.


Soviet Camp No.2 Buchenwald 1945 – 1950.

Because of agreements made at conferences at Yalta (January 1945) and Potsdam (July 1945) between  the USA, UK and the USSR,  the American forces  were obliged to withdraw from Buchenwald and Weimar to a line approximately 275 km (170 miles) to the west, leaving behind an area that eventually became part of the DDR (the German Democratic Republic).  Soviet forces, including the Soviet equivalent of the German Gestapo, took over. At Buchenwald a concentration camp was set up by the Soviets, known as Soviet Camp No.2. The prisoners were alleged political or “class” enemies. It was run by the Soviets from 1945 until 1950.  It is estimated 7,113 prisoners died at the camp.  They were buried in unmarked mass graves in the surrounding woods. The camp was handed over to the Soviet satellite state the DDR in 1950.

“Stalin: The Best Friend of the German People” poster in the small exhibition area dedicated to Soviet Camp No. 2, Buchenwald.

Surviving perimeter concrete fence posts of  Soviet concentration camp No.2, Buchenwald.

After the collapse of the DDR in 1990 poles were erected marking the mass graves of those who died  in the Soviet Camp No.2 Buchenwald. This wooded area is near the railway track that leads into Buchenwald Concentration camp.

Buchenwald Concentration Camp 1937 – 1945: A Guide to the Historical Exhibition. Wallstein Verlag, 2004.  This is an essential in-depth book about those who were sent to Buchenwald, life inside the camp, and the  liberation of the camp in April 1945.

The No.6 bus returning from Buchenwald to Weimar.


The photographs were taken over two days in June, 2009.  Photos taken by Pete Grafton.  For use of a photo or photos please use the Leave a Reply box below.



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Summer by the Sea, 1903 (Sheringham),

Summer by the Sea, 1903 (Sheringham).

Photos from the Pete Grafton Collection.

Sheringham beach, 1903.  From a family album of photos from a summer stay in Sheringham, Norfolk, 1903.

The photos were kept in a Kodak photo album.

“Sheringham” inscription, inside cover page of the Kodak photo album.


“A Pretty Corner, Sheringham”.  Crop from a J.Salmon postcard, pre-1914, but published after the coming of the railway to Sheringham.

The railway came to Sheringham on the Norfolk coast in 1887.  This was quite late for coastal villages and small towns that were to become seaside holiday destinations. For instance, the railway came to Weston-super-Mare in 1841, Southport in 1848, Girvan in 1860 and Newquay in 1876.

Train in a Sheringham garden, 1903.  Photo from the Kodak family album.

Although two brick works are shown in the Sheringham area on a 1906 Ordnance Survey map it’s likely the railway brought the materials, and probably the men that built The Grand Hotel.    It opened  in 1898.

The Grand Hotel, Sheringham.   It had a ballroom, a billiards room, and a bowling green. 

Sheringham was typical of many British seaside resorts that developed quickly with the coming of a railway.  Where once there had been just fields and cottages, and “pretty corners”, or no corners at all seaside resorts sprang up.   There was a public – a population – ready and eager to soak up the sea, the sun (when it appeared) and the fun.

Crowds on North Pier, Blackpool, Lancashire, Easter, 1914.

Sheringham was a three and a quarter hour train journey from London Liverpool Street station, changing at Norwich.

London Liverpool Street station, morning rush-hour, pre-1914.

Because Sheringham was not close to industrial cities and towns the seaside holiday-makers were mostly middle class, and entrepeneurs were quick to build detached house with large gardens for summer lettings, or ownership.

A Sheringham house, with Mother, child and on the left, nanny/domestic servant.  Circa 1903.  From the Kodak family album.

London & North Eastern Railways map of train lines in the Norfolk and adjacent area, 1930.  Sheringham is at the top, near Cromer.

The original 1887 Midland & Great Northern Joint Railway line went from Norwich to Sheringham via Melton Constable and then on to Cromer Beach, where it terminated.  This crop is from how the local railway lines had developed by 1930, by which time they were owned by LNER.  Source LNER route map.

Page from the Kodak Sheringham photo album, 1903.

The Kodak London address on the inside cover of the Kodak photo album –  “43, Clerkenwell Road” – dates the album to 1903. The year before and the years after Kodak’s London address was different.  The album may have been old stock when bought by the wife or husband (featured in the photos that follow) but with the immense popularity of photography ushered in by roll film Kodak cameras, and the demand for photo albums to put them in, it is reasonable to assume that the photos that follow were taken in the summer of 1903 0r the summer of 1904.

Kodak camera promotion advertisement.  The Kodak woman with the distinct striped dress was introduced in their advertising in 1910.

Sheringham Beach, 1903.

The child with his back to us is one of the three children that the mother, and the father, (when he was down at the weekends) took photos of.  We know nothing about the family, beyond what we can speculate from the contents in the photos that follow.  They were probably renting the house (rather than owning it) for the summer;  they had a nanny/domestic servant and Dad, when we see him, seems to be a dapper middle class gent, and definitely not “trade”.  Most of those on the beach and elsewhere that we see are also middle class.  There is one exception, where the gent is possibly “trade”, and possibly from nearby Norwich.  It is assumed the other holidaymakers were mostly from London and the Home Counties.  The Kodak photo album was bought by Pete Grafton in 2008 in a second-hand bookshop.


By the Sea

“Sheringham is So….” 1903. 

Five years later: John Hassal’s artwork for the first “Skegness is So Bracing” poster, 1908.

Young boy – the young son of the family – on the beach, Sheringham, 1903.

Nanny/domestic servant, young son* sitting on the beach, his sister standing facing us and found on the beach beach-mate. The onlooking dog is not part of the family.

* It is strongly believed that despite the hat, and skirted garments the young child sitting on the beach is a boy, the son of the family.   There was a fashion of dressing small boys in dresses and other skirted garments from the late nineteenth century well into the Edwardian period.  This fashion did not survive the First World War. This fashion was separate from the velvet jackets and long hair style inspired by the novel Little Lord Fauntleroy.  The following photo, believed to have been taken in the USA in the late nineteenth century is an example of boys wearing dresses.

Studio photo of three boys in dresses. Late nineteenth century, believed to be USA. Photo source House of Mirth.

Boy in dress with dog, late nineteenth century. Unknown photo source.

Sister and her brother, Sheringham, 1903.

Older sister, her brother, and the younger sister with her back to us holding a dog.  In the sea,  Sheringham, 1903.

We will see a photo of the dog – a puppy, again, in the garden of the house it is presumed the family are renting for the summer.

Believed to be the Nanny/domestic servant, walking down to the sea with the young brother.  Photo believed to have been taken by Mum. Dad seemed to come down to Sheringham at the weekends.  Sheringham, 1903.

Believed to be Mum, in her swimsuit. Note the swimsuit detail on her shoulders, absent in the Nanny’s swimsuit.  Sheringham, 1903.

Mum with her son and daughter. Sheringham, 1903.

The beach at Sheringham had a mixture of stretches of sand, stretches of large pebbles, and a mixture of both.  Sheringham, 1903.

Brother and sister, with beach spades, pebble beach, cool summer day.  Sheringham, 1903.

Sandy beach with brother and his sisters.  Note the bather. Coolish day, Sheringham, 1903.

Dapper Dad, on the beach. It is believed he came down to Sheringham at weekends. 1903.

Dad with his daughters and son. Sheringham beach, 1903.

Dad with his younger daughter, outside their changing hut. Overcast cool day. The child and woman to their right have use of the adjoining beach hut.

Dad outside changing hut with his eldest daughter. The changing hut looks cheaply built. Would it survive a storm? The initials probably refer to the hirer of these huts.  Update:  The hut initials are those of local fisherman and Sheringham lifeboat crew member Jimmy Dumble who had a concession for beach huts on this section of the beach – West Beach.  My thanks to Tim Groves, chair of the Sheringham Museum Trust for this information. (1)

Nanny with the younger daughter and son. Note the beach changing huts in the background. Sheringham, 1903.

Nanny with the children in the water. Sheringham, 1903.

Younger daughter on a nice warm sea-side day, with rowing boat.  Note the finger print caused when the film was developed.   Sheringham, 1903.

Nanny with the little boy. Her facial dark skin colour is probably caused by the limitations of the then widely used Ortho film.  It was not good at capturing the different light tones and certain colours.  In some photos of the children their faces are accurately captured whilst their hands in the shadows can be very dark. The limitations of ortho film can be seen particularly in old photos of summer gardens where green vegetable leaves and orange flowers can be rendered almost black.

A sunnier beach day, Nanny with the little boy.

Snapshot taken by either Mum or Dad.  Note the Grand Hotel up on the left. The children, dressed very differently, are not the family children.

“The Promenade, Sheringham.”  A Jarrold’s Series postcard. No date.

Homeward bound.  The Nanny with the little boy in his perambulator, his younger sister on the grass bank. 


House & Garden

The holiday home and garden. Mum, son and on the left, the nanny.  Sheringham, 1903.

The brick built house with cement rendering would have been built following the arrival of the railway in 1887.  There’s about ten years of climbing ivy growth on the house, which would roughly date it to 1893.  It’s a hot day with integral sun blinds out, and upstairs windows open.  There’s a curious ad-hoc net curtain, and curtain pieces set-up in the windows, as if they have been rigged up by the family, who it is assumed are renting for the summer. As there is a roll blind drawn three-quarters of the way down in the large upstairs window it is assumed the ad-hoc curtaining is to give some privacy, rather than pull curtains to, or blinds right down on hot sunny days.

The tree on the right is struggling.

There’s a soil pipe, seen rising above the guttering, next to a small open window, which will be the toilet.  Whether it fed into a septic tank or whether mains sewage had been installed for the new houses is not known.  House lighting would probably have been by gas, though many older houses and buildings in the town would still be lit by paraffin lamps.  The kitchen could possible have a gas oven, a relatively new innovation in those days. The town’s gas works (it’s assumed Sheringham had a gas works) would run on coal, originally brought to the town by coastal shipping, and then carted on by horses. With the coming of the railway, coal would be brought by train.  Local stations up and down the land had a siding or sidings and a coal yard, right up to the 1960s.  Even after many lines were axed, the coal yard would survive near the derelict country station.  Going by the double chimneys, there at least 6 fireplaces in the house, though one could be for a coal burning kitchen range.

In 1903 families would make their own amusement: cards, games, reading, singing and music, if there was a piano.  The “Talking Machine” –  the gramophone, was starting to become popular, but was not yet that widespread.  Few houses in 1903 had telephones, including even those of upper class folk, but there were three Royal Mail letter and postcard deliveries a day, and a telegram could be sent, say from London, and delivered to the house on the same day.

Mum, Son and daughters on the very large lawn of the house. Glimpse of another house built around the same time.  Photo most likely taken by Dad or the eldest daughter.  Sheringham, 1903.

Crop of the above photograph.  Mum, son and daughter in the garden.  Note the nanny/domestic servant in the background. It looks as if she is weeding a flower border. Sheringham, 1903.

This was a happy family, with a great sense of fun….


The son on his toy train. Note the shadow of Dad’s peaked cap, as he takes the photo.

Nanny/domestic servant/wicket-keeper. Note the “at home” pinafore and the white cuffs she wears over her by-the-sea “Nanny” dress.  Nice swinging “hit it for 6” action from the batswoman.


Lovely to see the hint of a smile on the Nanny. She looks like a well liked/loved Nanny. Note her cap: this photo is taken on a different occasion from the cricket match.

The new puppy?

Crop from above photo.  Puppy dog, Sheringham, 1903.  Note the girls’ sandals.  We saw the puppy carried by the younger daughter in the sea in an earlier photo.

Son’s wardrobe adjustment by Mum…

… Adjusted.

It’s imagined that the house and the surrounding houses with these large gardens have been jostled in by shoe-horned homes since the 1970s where the gardens once were.  In fact, it’s possible some of these pre-1914  houses were demolished to maximise the amount of new homes that could be built on the site.


Fishermen, Boats & Fishing

The coming of the railway to Sheringham in 1887 not only brought city and suburban middle class families to what had been a by-the-sea fishing hamlet, it also benefited the local fishermen.   Their catch of fresh crabs, lobsters and whelks, and cod were sent on the up train to the Billingsgate fish market in London.  The Wikipedia entry on Sheringham estimates that because of the coming of the railway the number of Sheringham fishing boats harvesting the sea reached a peak of 200.

Fisherman repairing lobster pot with promenading ladies in the background. Note what looks like a fairly new concrete slip, possibly for the lifeboat.  Photo by either Dad or Mum.  Update:  The building is the Henry Ramey Lifeboat House. My thanks to Brian Farrow of Sheringham RNLI for this information. (2)  Sheringham 1903.

Fishermen by their boats and view towards the lifeboat station.  This photo is believed to have been taken at the same time as the one above.  (Note the fisherman repairing his pot in the background, behind the boats.)   Sheringham, 1903.

The Sheringham Lifeboat. The son and his younger sister in the mid-ground. Update:  The lifeboat is most likely the William Bennett, in service 1886 – 1904.  It has been described as a very difficult boat to launch. For this information and identification of the Lifeboat House (see the two photos above) my thanks to Brian Farrow of the Sheringham RNLI  (2)  Sheringham 1903.

The Sheringham lifeboat William Bennet on Beach Road, and fishermen, with son and sister looking at the lifeboat. My thanks to Brian Farrow, Sheringham RNLI for this information. (2)    Sheringham, 1903.

Sheringham Lifeboat William Bennett, with the younger sister looking at a group of fisherman. By her dress we can tell that this photograph was taken on a warmer day than the previous photo. The girl in the foreground is probably a local girl. Note her different type of clothes  Also note the gas light. Lifeboat information from Brian Farrow, Sheringham RNLI.  (2)   Sheringham, 1903.

Sheringham summer visitors looking down at a probable hauling of nets.  Note  on the foreground right what seems to be the head and shoulders of Dad as he takes the photograph, a shadow of a lamp standard and then the long shadow of a boy. Mid summer’s evening,  Sheringham, 1903.

Crop of the above photo showing the onlookers and a bath chair. On the left, a fingerprint smudge from photo developing.

2nd crop of the main photo. Note the “For Sale” sign on the building on the right, and dogs.

Harvesting the sea at Sheringham. Visitors and fisherfolk on the beach. Photo taken on a different, overcast day to the photo above.  Note the wall (blurred, foreground) as in above photo. Sheringham,1903.

Fisherwomen on the beach, and typical type of fishing boat used at Sheringham.  1903.

Two fishing boats beached, and changing tents for the tourists. A woman reads a book and visitors on the beach.   A warm calm day.  Sheringham 1903.


After the Storm

Photos after a storm, or a high tide with a strong on-shore wind.

Beach storm damage, Sheringham, summer, 1903.


Here and There

The elder daughter side-saddle on a donkey. The boy will be earning some useful money. Note the ragged ends to his breeches. The school leaving age was 13 in 1903.  In agricultural areas many parents took their children temporary out of school for seasonal work, such as pea or fruit picking.  There were Truancy Officers, but the extra money coming into the household was an opportunity not to be missed, and would be looked forward to each year.   The boy in the photograph may well have left school in the summer of 1903.  He looks as if he could be 13.  

Nanny and the son, with arm of Mum, near the golf links above the town. Photo believed to have been taken by Dad.

A wonderful photo of the son at the same location. The photo is unusual, like the one above, because of the sky and white cloud detail, lacking in all the other photos in this collection.  This suggests that Dad has put a yellow filter over the lens, that brings out such detail.

A “candid” photo near the golf links above the town, with the Grand Hotel in the background. It’s a lovely study, and Dad, who probably took it, might have been “tickled pink” by the subject matter. It looks as if the gent is in “trade”. 

Another “candid photo”, this time of canoodling couples on the beach at Yarmouth, 1892.  Yarmouth is further down the coast from Sheringham. This type of “behaviour” would not be permissible for the middle class seaside visitor, and would rarely be seen, if at all, in 1903 Sheringham.  Photo: Paul Martin. (1)

The son in his summer finery in a lane. Going by the details, it’s reasonably sure that the house in the background is the same house that he and his sisters, his  Mum and Dad nanny/domestic and the puppy are staying in.  The two white painted posts will be an entrance into the garden, near where the photo was taken of the manicured gravel path, with Mum and his two sisters and the puppy dog on the lawn.  Houses seen beyond the garden in some of the garden photos will be over to the right (unseen). 

The two sisters gingerly crossing a trickle of a stream. In the background it looks as if the Fair has come to Sheringham.  The tents and horse-drawn vehicles are in too good a condition for it to be a gypsy camp.

Crop from the above photograph.

Cattle and ducks, or geese, in a field, from the same outing, going by the clothes. The function of the lone pole is a mystery. Sheringham, 1903.

Sunny but windy.

“And dolly came too”. Family walk in the nearby countryside, with nanny pushing the perambulator. Dolly has her own  perambulator. This dolly perambulator is seen in one of the photos taken in the garden. Dad would have taken this photo.


There is still a train service to Sheringham from London via Norwich. The Sheringham Grand Hotel was demolished in 1974.  The Sheringham fishing fleet and the men have almost disappeared.  The Wikipedia entry for Sheringham says that there are now just eight boats operated single-handedly.

And the family in the photo above and the Nanny, and Dad?  Nothing, as yet, is known about them.  There were two World Wars to come.  Was Dad conscripted into the First World War?  The son would have been about 39 when the Second World War began. Did the nanny work in ammunitions in the First World War and earn a lot more money than being a nanny/domestic?  And did Mum volunteer for the Voluntary Aid Detachments – the VADs?

After the First World War  the fashion for dressing young middle class boys in dresses and skirted garments ceased, whilst young women bobbed their hair audaciously – boyishly -short and their chest was minimised.

If Nanny, or the daughters or the son had had children their surviving grandchildren would now be in the 70s to mid 90s age range, and there would be great-grandchildren and great-great-grandchildren texting, Messaging each other,  ordering their grocery and clothes online and phoning for Indian curries and Italian pizzas to be delivered to their door.  They’re mostly drinking French, Californian and Australian wines along with Czech pilsner.  They’re driving German, French, Japanese and South Korean cars, and they Skype and Facetime each other –  relatives and friends in Australia, or those taking a holiday on the hot seaside beaches of Majorca and Miami.

But, despite all the changes, dollies still go on outings,  and puppy-dogs still bring warmth and delight to households.



(1)  sheringhammuseum.co.uk

(2) sheringhamlifeboat.co.uk

(3) See Victorian Candid Camera: Paul Martin 1864 – 1944, edited by Bill Jay, David & Charles, 1973.

Further Reading

The Snapshot Photograph: the rise of popular photography 1888 – 1939, Brian Coe and Paul Gates,  Ash & Grant, 1977.

The Seaside by Sarah Howell, Studio Vista, 1974.


If you spot mistakes of fact or can add further information to these photos of Sheringham, do please get in touch using the Leave a Reply box below. Thank-you.


With the exception of Pin Interest, for use of these photos from the Sheringham 1903 Family Photo Album contact Pete Grafton in the Contact Box at the foot of this Post.


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photos by Pete Grafton


Central Paris, France, 2008.

Albi, France, 2001.

Sannox beach, Isle of Arran, Scotland, 2004.

Beach near Formby, England, 2007.

Biggar, Scotland, 2011.

Climpy, near Forth, Scotland, 2003

Clyde valley, Scotland, 2003.

Clyde valley blossom, Scotland, 1999.

Old plum orchard, Clyde valley, Scotland, 1999.

Currie, Edinburgh, Scotland, 2003.

Dawlish, Devon, England, 2014.

Frosted leaves, Climpy, near Forth, Scotland, 2003.

Frosted trees, near New Lanark, Scotland, 2001.

Hamburg Altona, 2000.

Inverewe, Wester Ross, Scotland, 2007.

Near Bellagio, Italy, 2002.

Lausanne, Switzerland, 2010.

Mouse Water, Lanark, Scotland, 2002.

Gorge, Mouse Water, Lanark, Scotland, 2002.

Near Rockcliffe, Scotland, 2002.

Near Beattock Summit, Scotland, 2004.

Near Biggar, Scotland, 2010.

Park, central Gothenburg, Sweden, 2003.

Pisa airport, Italy, 2005.

Quai de Bourbon, Paris, France, 2010.

Rowan, near Crawfordjohn, Scotland, 2005.

Sannox Bay, Isle of Arran, Scotland, 2006.

Sannox Golf Course, Isle of Arran, Scotland, 2004.

Silver birch, Carnwath, Scotland, 2009.

Hamburg suburb, Germany,  2000.

“Elephant trunk”, near Morpeth, England, 2005.

Hamburg Altona, Germany, 2005.

Selkirk, Scotland, 2010.

Belsay Gardens, near Morpeth, England, 2005.

Lochranza, Isle of Arran, Scotland, 2006.

North Medwin by Waulkmill, Scotland, 2001.

Tree near the former bus station, Bath, England, 2002.

Tree bark near the Elbe, Hamburg, Germany, 2002.

Crawford Common, Scotland, Summer, 2002.

Crawford Common, Scotland, winter 2002.

Village tree, Midi region, France, 2001.

Midi region, France, 2001.

Vallorbe, Switzerland, 2010.

Clyde Valley, 2000.



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Dawlish: Is a Bird, Is it a Plane?

Dawlish: Is it a Bird, Is it a Plane?

A Happening. 2015.

Photos by Pete Grafton


This is how it begins….


Is it a Bird, Is it a Plane?   –  Planes.


Coming next, late May, 2018


Photos by Pete Grafton

Paris park, May 2010.

Village in the Tarn region, France, 2001.


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US Orthopaedic Doc in Eastern Bloc 1958 – 1960. Part 3: Hungary

US Doc in Eastern Bloc 1958 – 1960


Photos from the petegrafton collection

Part 3: Hungary summer 1959 & Spring 1960.

The Background

Us Doc, an orthopaedic specialist, in Prague, summer 1959. His name is believed to be Dr A Seyfried.

We have, at the moment, no idea how it was that the American Doc, believed to be Dr A Seyfried, an orthopaedic specialist, was visiting Communist controlled countries in the Eastern Bloc. (My very grateful thanks to Liz Willis, former librarian with the Medical Research Council, London, for searching and locating in Pubmed papers written by a Dr A Seyfried. By their speciality – mostly in arthritic and rheumatoid conditions, and period of publication – 1953 – 1999,  and that these papers were mostly published in Polish specialist publications, and one published in a Czech  publication, we can be reasonably sure this is the one and same person. The full Pubmed list is at the foot of this Post.)

The Cold War was at its height – the Hungarian Uprising had been put down by Soviet tanks and military in October 1956 –  just three years before these photos were taken in Hungary.

It may be that Dr.Seyfried, and a colleague were working for, or attached to the World Health Organisation in Geneva.  In transparencies from Czechoslovakia a Mercedes with Swiss plates is shown.

The photos – Kodachrome transparencies – were mostly taken by a colleague – possibly also a visiting US doctor – of the “US Doc”.  They were bought on ebay in 2008.  The seller had additional sets of photos taken  – by the same source –  of visits to Poland and Czechoslovakia in 1958 and 1959.

Kodachrome transparency and mount, processed September 1958.

Only a  very few of the transparency mounts had an identifying name – place, or person. The majority didn’t.  The ebay seller batched the sales under country, and year.  The year can be identified by the Kodak lab  date stamp on the transparency mounts.

The transparencies shown here are selected first by the orthopaedic interest, and then by local photos, outings and so on.  They are a rare colour chronicle of aspects of everyday life, and civic life,  in countries that were to live under Communist/military control  in Eastern Europe for a further 32 years from when they were taken. And, of course, they show orthopaedic practices and care of children and adults at that time.

Please use the Leave a Reply facility to get in touch if you can identify towns, places, people, or anything you spot and can clarify.  It would be very much appreciated.



Orthopaedic  Practice

Dr Seyfried on the steps of one of the entrances to the Budapest Medical University. He is standing in front of the Surgery Clinic sign. Dr. Pal Rubanyi , presumed to be the department Director, is listed as University Teacher – see detail below.  Budapest, early Spring 1960.

Dr Seyfried standing next to Budapest Medical University Surgical Clinic sign, early Spring, 1960.  Crop of above photograph.

US or Hungarian medical colleague standing by the Mercedes the US Doc seems to be using on this early Spring 1960 trip to Hungary and Budapest. Possibly the entrance – or one of the entrances – to the Medical University is just up the street.

Nurse applying plaster to a patient’s wrist. Unknown clinic, but assumed to be in Budapest.  Early Spring, 1960.

Assumed to be orthopaedic patients doing exercises using dumb bells. Believed to be a Budapest clinic, early Spring, 1960.

Assumed to be orthopaedic patients on mats in exercise area. Unknown clinic, probably in Budapest. Variation of above photo.  Early Spring, 1960.

The sign outside the National Institute of Motor Therapy building, director Dr. Andras Peto.  Budapest, Early Spring, 1960.

The street sign of the National Institute of Motor Therapy, Director Dr Andras Peto .   Early Spring, Budapest, 1960.

Dr András Petö (1893 – 1967) developed a theory and practice of physical rehabilitation of children with motor disorders such as cerebral palsy and brain injury.  His approach became known in Britain in the 1980s following two BBC TV documentaries: Standing Up for Joe (1986) and To Hungary with Love (1987). His work was the foundation of what is known as  conductive education, and  is now, in some countries, also applied to adults with Parkinson’s disease and after-stroke conditions.

It is not known whether Dr Seyfried was aware of Dr. Peto’s work before he visited Hungary, or whether Hungarian medical colleagues mentioned him to Dr.Seyfried once he had arrived in Hungary.  If Dr Seyfried met Dr Petö there are no surviving photos of them in this collection.

Buildings of the National Institute of Motor Therapy, Budapest.  Note the Communist Red Star.   Early Spring, 1960.  Norbert Kalvach has since written to say “A “Mozgásterápiai Intézet” később Pető Intézet első épülete a Villányi út 67 szám alatt volt. Ma felújítva újra központi épület lett.”  (“The Moving Therapy Institute became the first building of Peto Institute at Villanyi ut 67.   Today it has been restored to become a central building”.)  My thanks to Norbert for this information.

A partial view of the one storey building of the National Institute of Motor Therapy, Budapest, early Spring, 1960.



Us Doc, Dr Seyfried, on the left, standing at the entrance of the Grand Hotel, with possibly a Hungarian colleague.  Probably Budapest, Summer 1959.  The location of the hotel is problematical as in 2018 there are two Grand Hotels in Budapest.  One is in the centre of Budapest and the second is on Margit Island, home to Palatinus Strand and Margit Island gardens.  (See 1959 photos below.)  What we are looking at in this photo is possibly the hotel on Margit Island, now known as the Danubius Grand Hotel Margitsziget.  The architectural features on the first floor are, in 2018, very similar to this photo from 1959, but the ground floor details and entrance has since changed.

The Fisherman’s Bastion – a nineteenth century fortress with seven turreted lookout towers. Budapest, summer 1959.

Dr Seyfried standing near ruins, with the Fisherman’s Bastion in the background. Budapest,1959.

Central Budapest, summer 1959.

Central Budapest, summer’s evening, 1959.

Budapest, summer 1959.

Central Budapest, early Spring, 1960.

The Great Synagogue, Budapest, also known as the Dohany Street synagogue.  It is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the world.  (The largest synagogue is in New York.)  Early Spring, 1960.

Budapest street, with Communist Red Flag and Hungarian flags either side, Spring 1960.

The above street photo with the Communist Red Flag, flanked by two Hungarian flags is interesting as the inclusion of the Communist Red Star and hammer and sickle emblem within the colours of the Hungarian flag was symbolically torn out by those protesting against and fighting against the Hungarian Communist Party and the Soviet crushing of the October 1956 Hungarian Uprising.  It is not clear whether as a post-Uprising concession the Hungarian Communist regime dropped the red star and hammer and sickle from the Hungarian flag.

Hungarian Communist flag with Red Star and Hammer and Sickle symbol.

Hungarian flag with the Communist Red Star and Hammer & Sickle symbol ripped out, mounted on a captured Soviet tank.  The heavy shelling of the building and displaced slates is due to Soviet tank fire.

Hungarian flags in Budapest street with ripped out Communist Red Star and Hammer & Sickle, October 1958.  Unknown photographer.

The Hungarian Uprising started with a student demonstration in Budapest on 23 October, 1956 and quickly spread to workers who set up Workers Councils ensuring that services such as electricity and the radio, etc kept running.  The Uprising, also known as the Revolution, spread throughout Hungary.  Dithering at first, the Russians launched an armed intervention predominantly using tanks which often fired indiscriminately.  By 10 November the Revolution had been crushed by the Russian Soviets.  Approximately 2,500 Hungarians and 700 Soviet troops died.

Jack Esten was in Budapest when this Russian colonel drew his revolver and endeavoured to deprive him of his camera.”  Caption and source: Photography Year Book 1958.  Photo Jack Esten.  Jack Esten worked for the British Daily Herald as a Second World War photographer and was active into the 1950s.


Budapest – Palatinus Strand & Margit Island gardens

Palatinus Strand entrance, summer 1959.

Dr Seyfried looking at a black nude statue on the steps at the entrance of Palatinus Strand, Budapest, Summer, 1959.  In photos from the 1940s the nude was white and her right arm was stretched upwards.  This black nude was perhaps temporary whilst the white nude was being restored.  Note the board  for wheelchair use next to the statues in both photos.  The white nude with outstretched right arm was back in place in the 1960s, and is still – 2018 – in position.

Palatinus Strand, with white nude with out-stretched right arm, and Fiat derivative police car. The Palatinus Strand sign changed, too, from 1959, and remains – 2018 – as seen in the above photo.  Photo  Circa mid 1960s. Photographer Unknown.

Sunbathers in swimming costumes, near one of the swimming pools, Palatinus Strand, summer 1959.

Palatinus Strand is a very popular collection of open air swimming pools and spa on the Margit Island in the Danube.  First opened in 1919, with a simple beach, it was significantly developed in the late 1930s.  Water to the pools is supplied by thermal springs.   Adjacent to Palatinus Strand there are popular public gardens. If  Dr Seyfried or his American colleague took photos of the open air baths themselves, they have not survived in this collection.

1940 colour photo of Palatinus Strand baths.  Photographer/source Unknown.

People in swimming costumes at Palatinus Strand, summer 1959.

Flower beds, swimming costumed people, and glimpsed in the distance (and in photo below) one of the pools at Palatinus Strand.  Summer, 1959.

Palatinus Strand, summer 1959.

People sitting and standing under the shade of trees near Palatinus Strand.  Note the parked motorbikes and mopeds in the background.  In the foreground a display of  for-sale wrapped bon-bons.

Refreshment cafe by Palatinus Strand and the gardens on Margit Island.  Budapest, summer 1959.

Dr Seyfried takes a photo of his US colleague, believed to be the gardens on Margit Island, Budapest. Summer 1959.

Visitors to the gardens on Margit Island, Budapest. Summer 1959.

Dr. Seyfried by an ice-cream seller, believed to be the gardens on Margit Island, Budapest. Summer 1959.

Budapest buses, believed to be by the gardens on Margit Island. Summer 1959.

Dr Seyfried standing on Margit Island. On the other side of the Danube is Obuda (Arpad Fejedelem utja).  Summer 1959. (My thanks to Matyas Keller for identifying the location in this photograph.)


Dr A Seyfried standing outside Szechenyihegy railway station. Near Budapest, early Spring 1960.

At Szechenyihegy the Hungarian Communist Regime in the late 1940s built a narrow gauge children’s railway which became very popular, and remains popular as an excursion destination in post Communist Hungary.

Detail of Dr Seyfried standing near Szechenyihegy railway station.  Early Spring, 1960.


Budapest – View from a High Window

View from a high window/balcony, over-looking the Danube, central Budapest, early Spring 1960.

Here are a series, taken on different times of the day, and different days from the same viewpoint.  It is assumed this was a hotel that Dr Seyfried and his US medical colleague were staying at during their early Spring visit to Budapest and Hungary.

Tug and barges on the Danube, Budapest, early Spring 1960.

War/1945 liberation memorial by the Danube, Budapest early Spring 1960.

Six open topped lorries with either troops or police or civilians parked near the War/1945 liberation memorial by the Danube. Budapest early Spring, 1960.  Note the stone parapet of the hotel/building balcony foreground.

Close up of the assembled open top lorries with military, police or civilians. Early Spring, 1960.


View of Budapest rooftops, early Spring, 1960.

Dr Seyfried standing on the steps of the Szent Istvan Bazilika, Szent Istvan Square, Budapest.  Summer 1959. (My grateful thanks to Matyas Keller for identifying the location of this photograph.)

Looking towards Budapest from elevated rural position. Early Spring 1960.


Somewhere in Hungary

Overcast day, somewhere by the Danube, early Spring, 1960.

War/1945 Liberation plinth in town square, with two male cyclists and two buses. Possibly a town near Budapest. Early Spring 1960.

Inter war or just post war village housing, with electricity wires and lone cyclist. Unidentified location, Hungary. Early Spring, 1960.

Cobbled main street in a small rural town, Hungary. Note the antennae on the far building on the right. Possibly a barracks town, or ex-estate landowner town. Early Spring, 1960.

Dr Seyfried standing in the middle of rural road after a spell of rain, with buildings, including a church in the near distance. Horse manure on the road and a man and women in a field. Unidentified location, Hungary. Early Spring, 1960.


Articles and Papers written or co-written by Dr A Seyfried between 1999 – 1953.  Source Pubmed.


Coming next, late April 2018

Dawlish:  Is it a Bird, Is it a Plane?

A Happening.

Photos by Pete Grafton.

Dawlish, Summer 2016.


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